Browse Source

qemu-nbd: add support for authorization of TLS clients

Currently any client which can complete the TLS handshake is able to use
the NBD server. The server admin can turn on the 'verify-peer' option
for the x509 creds to require the client to provide a x509 certificate.
This means the client will have to acquire a certificate from the CA
before they are permitted to use the NBD server. This is still a fairly
low bar to cross.

This adds a '--tls-authz OBJECT-ID' option to the qemu-nbd command which
takes the ID of a previously added 'QAuthZ' object instance. This will
be used to validate the client's x509 distinguished name. Clients
failing the authorization check will not be permitted to use the NBD
server.

For example to setup authorization that only allows connection from a client
whose x509 certificate distinguished name is

   CN=laptop.example.com,O=Example Org,L=London,ST=London,C=GB

escape the commas in the name and use:

  qemu-nbd --object tls-creds-x509,id=tls0,dir=/home/berrange/qemutls,\
                    endpoint=server,verify-peer=yes \
           --object 'authz-simple,id=auth0,identity=CN=laptop.example.com,,\
                     O=Example Org,,L=London,,ST=London,,C=GB' \
           --tls-creds tls0 \
           --tls-authz authz0 \
	   ....other qemu-nbd args...

NB: a real shell command line would not have leading whitespace after
the line continuation, it is just included here for clarity.

Reviewed-by: Juan Quintela <quintela@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Daniel P. Berrange <berrange@redhat.com>
Message-Id: <20190227162035.18543-2-berrange@redhat.com>
Reviewed-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
[eblake: split long line in --help text, tweak 233 to show that whitespace
after ,, in identity= portion is actually okay]
Signed-off-by: Eric Blake <eblake@redhat.com>
tags/v4.0.0-rc0
Daniel P. Berrange 5 months ago
parent
commit
b25e12daff
6 changed files with 73 additions and 12 deletions
  1. 1
    1
      include/block/nbd.h
  2. 5
    5
      nbd/server.c
  3. 18
    1
      qemu-nbd.c
  4. 9
    2
      qemu-nbd.texi
  5. 29
    3
      tests/qemu-iotests/233
  6. 11
    0
      tests/qemu-iotests/233.out

+ 1
- 1
include/block/nbd.h View File

@@ -326,7 +326,7 @@ void nbd_export_close_all(void);

void nbd_client_new(QIOChannelSocket *sioc,
QCryptoTLSCreds *tlscreds,
const char *tlsaclname,
const char *tlsauthz,
void (*close_fn)(NBDClient *, bool));
void nbd_client_get(NBDClient *client);
void nbd_client_put(NBDClient *client);

+ 5
- 5
nbd/server.c View File

@@ -111,7 +111,7 @@ struct NBDClient {

NBDExport *exp;
QCryptoTLSCreds *tlscreds;
char *tlsaclname;
char *tlsauthz;
QIOChannelSocket *sioc; /* The underlying data channel */
QIOChannel *ioc; /* The current I/O channel which may differ (eg TLS) */

@@ -686,7 +686,7 @@ static QIOChannel *nbd_negotiate_handle_starttls(NBDClient *client,

tioc = qio_channel_tls_new_server(ioc,
client->tlscreds,
client->tlsaclname,
client->tlsauthz,
errp);
if (!tioc) {
return NULL;
@@ -1348,7 +1348,7 @@ void nbd_client_put(NBDClient *client)
if (client->tlscreds) {
object_unref(OBJECT(client->tlscreds));
}
g_free(client->tlsaclname);
g_free(client->tlsauthz);
if (client->exp) {
QTAILQ_REMOVE(&client->exp->clients, client, next);
nbd_export_put(client->exp);
@@ -2425,7 +2425,7 @@ static coroutine_fn void nbd_co_client_start(void *opaque)
*/
void nbd_client_new(QIOChannelSocket *sioc,
QCryptoTLSCreds *tlscreds,
const char *tlsaclname,
const char *tlsauthz,
void (*close_fn)(NBDClient *, bool))
{
NBDClient *client;
@@ -2437,7 +2437,7 @@ void nbd_client_new(QIOChannelSocket *sioc,
if (tlscreds) {
object_ref(OBJECT(client->tlscreds));
}
client->tlsaclname = g_strdup(tlsaclname);
client->tlsauthz = g_strdup(tlsauthz);
client->sioc = sioc;
object_ref(OBJECT(client->sioc));
client->ioc = QIO_CHANNEL(sioc);

+ 18
- 1
qemu-nbd.c View File

@@ -58,6 +58,7 @@
#define QEMU_NBD_OPT_TLSCREDS 261
#define QEMU_NBD_OPT_IMAGE_OPTS 262
#define QEMU_NBD_OPT_FORK 263
#define QEMU_NBD_OPT_TLSAUTHZ 264

#define MBR_SIZE 512

@@ -71,6 +72,7 @@ static int shared = 1;
static int nb_fds;
static QIONetListener *server;
static QCryptoTLSCreds *tlscreds;
static const char *tlsauthz;

static void usage(const char *name)
{
@@ -103,6 +105,8 @@ static void usage(const char *name)
" --object type,id=ID,... define an object such as 'secret' for providing\n"
" passwords and/or encryption keys\n"
" --tls-creds=ID use id of an earlier --object to provide TLS\n"
" --tls-authz=ID use id of an earlier --object to provide\n"
" authorization\n"
" -T, --trace [[enable=]<pattern>][,events=<file>][,file=<file>]\n"
" specify tracing options\n"
" --fork fork off the server process and exit the parent\n"
@@ -452,7 +456,7 @@ static void nbd_accept(QIONetListener *listener, QIOChannelSocket *cioc,

nb_fds++;
nbd_update_server_watch();
nbd_client_new(cioc, tlscreds, NULL, nbd_client_closed);
nbd_client_new(cioc, tlscreds, tlsauthz, nbd_client_closed);
}

static void nbd_update_server_watch(void)
@@ -643,6 +647,7 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
{ "export-name", required_argument, NULL, 'x' },
{ "description", required_argument, NULL, 'D' },
{ "tls-creds", required_argument, NULL, QEMU_NBD_OPT_TLSCREDS },
{ "tls-authz", required_argument, NULL, QEMU_NBD_OPT_TLSAUTHZ },
{ "image-opts", no_argument, NULL, QEMU_NBD_OPT_IMAGE_OPTS },
{ "trace", required_argument, NULL, 'T' },
{ "fork", no_argument, NULL, QEMU_NBD_OPT_FORK },
@@ -862,6 +867,9 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
g_free(trace_file);
trace_file = trace_opt_parse(optarg);
break;
case QEMU_NBD_OPT_TLSAUTHZ:
tlsauthz = optarg;
break;
case QEMU_NBD_OPT_FORK:
fork_process = true;
break;
@@ -934,12 +942,21 @@ int main(int argc, char **argv)
error_report("TLS is not supported with a host device");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
if (tlsauthz && list) {
error_report("TLS authorization is incompatible with export list");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
tlscreds = nbd_get_tls_creds(tlscredsid, list, &local_err);
if (local_err) {
error_report("Failed to get TLS creds %s",
error_get_pretty(local_err));
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
} else {
if (tlsauthz) {
error_report("--tls-authz is not permitted without --tls-creds");
exit(EXIT_FAILURE);
}
}

if (list) {

+ 9
- 2
qemu-nbd.texi View File

@@ -117,6 +117,10 @@ option; or provide the credentials needed for connecting as a client
in list mode.
@item --fork
Fork off the server process and exit the parent once the server is running.
@item --tls-authz=ID
Specify the ID of a qauthz object previously created with the
--object option. This will be used to authorize connecting users
against their x509 distinguished name.
@item -v, --verbose
Display extra debugging information.
@item -h, --help
@@ -142,13 +146,16 @@ qemu-nbd -f qcow2 file.qcow2
@end example

Start a long-running server listening with encryption on port 10810,
and require clients to have a correct X.509 certificate to connect to
and whitelist clients with a specific X.509 certificate to connect to
a 1 megabyte subset of a raw file, using the export name 'subset':

@example
qemu-nbd \
--object tls-creds-x509,id=tls0,endpoint=server,dir=/path/to/qemutls \
--tls-creds tls0 -t -x subset -p 10810 \
--object 'authz-simple,id=auth0,identity=CN=laptop.example.com,,\
O=Example Org,,L=London,,ST=London,,C=GB' \
--tls-creds tls0 --tls-authz auth0 \
-t -x subset -p 10810 \
--image-opts driver=raw,offset=1M,size=1M,file.driver=file,file.filename=file.raw
@end example


+ 29
- 3
tests/qemu-iotests/233 View File

@@ -61,6 +61,7 @@ tls_x509_create_root_ca "ca2"
tls_x509_create_server "ca1" "server1"
tls_x509_create_client "ca1" "client1"
tls_x509_create_client "ca2" "client2"
tls_x509_create_client "ca1" "client3"

echo
echo "== preparing image =="
@@ -93,11 +94,15 @@ $QEMU_NBD_PROG -L -b $nbd_tcp_addr -p $nbd_tcp_port

echo
echo "== check TLS works =="
obj=tls-creds-x509,dir=${tls_dir}/client1,endpoint=client,id=tls0
$QEMU_IMG info --image-opts --object $obj \
obj1=tls-creds-x509,dir=${tls_dir}/client1,endpoint=client,id=tls0
obj2=tls-creds-x509,dir=${tls_dir}/client3,endpoint=client,id=tls0
$QEMU_IMG info --image-opts --object $obj1 \
driver=nbd,host=$nbd_tcp_addr,port=$nbd_tcp_port,tls-creds=tls0 \
2>&1 | sed "s/$nbd_tcp_port/PORT/g"
$QEMU_NBD_PROG -L -b $nbd_tcp_addr -p $nbd_tcp_port --object $obj \
$QEMU_IMG info --image-opts --object $obj2 \
driver=nbd,host=$nbd_tcp_addr,port=$nbd_tcp_port,tls-creds=tls0 \
2>&1 | sed "s/$nbd_tcp_port/PORT/g"
$QEMU_NBD_PROG -L -b $nbd_tcp_addr -p $nbd_tcp_port --object $obj1 \
--tls-creds=tls0

echo
@@ -119,6 +124,27 @@ $QEMU_IO -c 'r -P 0x11 1m 1m' -c 'w -P 0x22 1m 1m' --image-opts \

$QEMU_IO -f $IMGFMT -r -U -c 'r -P 0x22 1m 1m' "$TEST_IMG" | _filter_qemu_io

echo
echo "== check TLS with authorization =="

nbd_server_stop

nbd_server_start_tcp_socket \
--object tls-creds-x509,dir=${tls_dir}/server1,endpoint=server,id=tls0,verify-peer=yes \
--object "authz-simple,id=authz0,identity=CN=localhost,, \
O=Cthulu Dark Lord Enterprises client1,,L=R'lyeh,,C=South Pacific" \
--tls-authz authz0 \
--tls-creds tls0 \
-f $IMGFMT "$TEST_IMG" 2>> "$TEST_DIR/server.log"

$QEMU_IMG info --image-opts \
--object tls-creds-x509,dir=${tls_dir}/client1,endpoint=client,id=tls0 \
driver=nbd,host=$nbd_tcp_addr,port=$nbd_tcp_port,tls-creds=tls0

$QEMU_IMG info --image-opts \
--object tls-creds-x509,dir=${tls_dir}/client3,endpoint=client,id=tls0 \
driver=nbd,host=$nbd_tcp_addr,port=$nbd_tcp_port,tls-creds=tls0

echo
echo "== final server log =="
cat "$TEST_DIR/server.log"

+ 11
- 0
tests/qemu-iotests/233.out View File

@@ -6,6 +6,7 @@ Generating a self signed certificate...
Generating a signed certificate...
Generating a signed certificate...
Generating a signed certificate...
Generating a signed certificate...

== preparing image ==
Formatting 'TEST_DIR/t.IMGFMT', fmt=IMGFMT size=67108864
@@ -29,6 +30,10 @@ image: nbd://127.0.0.1:PORT
file format: nbd
virtual size: 64M (67108864 bytes)
disk size: unavailable
image: nbd://127.0.0.1:PORT
file format: nbd
virtual size: 64M (67108864 bytes)
disk size: unavailable
exports available: 1
export: ''
size: 67108864
@@ -51,7 +56,13 @@ wrote 1048576/1048576 bytes at offset 1048576
read 1048576/1048576 bytes at offset 1048576
1 MiB, X ops; XX:XX:XX.X (XXX YYY/sec and XXX ops/sec)

== check TLS with authorization ==
qemu-img: Could not open 'driver=nbd,host=127.0.0.1,port=10809,tls-creds=tls0': Failed to read option reply: Cannot read from TLS channel: Software caused connection abort
qemu-img: Could not open 'driver=nbd,host=127.0.0.1,port=10809,tls-creds=tls0': Failed to read option reply: Cannot read from TLS channel: Software caused connection abort

== final server log ==
qemu-nbd: option negotiation failed: Verify failed: No certificate was found.
qemu-nbd: option negotiation failed: Verify failed: No certificate was found.
qemu-nbd: option negotiation failed: TLS x509 authz check for CN=localhost,O=Cthulhu Dark Lord Enterprises client1,L=R'lyeh,C=South Pacific is denied
qemu-nbd: option negotiation failed: TLS x509 authz check for CN=localhost,O=Cthulhu Dark Lord Enterprises client3,L=R'lyeh,C=South Pacific is denied
*** done

Loading…
Cancel
Save